Glossary of Key Words
Posted on May 13, 2012 by Matrix Education
You’ve likely heard the cliche that “There always a right tool for the job”. Well, the same holds true for the HSC where “there’s always a right word for the job!” Even when you’re not studying English, knowing the terms used in your various subjects will help you understand what is expected of you.
When answering HSC questions, it is important you understand how you are expected to respond. NESA has provided a glossary of keywords for students to refer to. As a student, you should read through this glossary to familiarise themselves with NESA’s definitions of these words so you know how to respond to questions and instructions.
|Account for||State reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions|
|Analyse||Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications|
|Apply||Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation|
|Appreciate||Make a judgement about the value of|
|Assess||Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size|
|Calculate||Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information|
|Clarify||Make clear or plain|
|Classify||Arrange or include in classes/categories|
|Compare||Show how things are similar or different|
|Construct||Make; build; put together items or arguments|
|Contrast||Show how things are different or opposite|
|Critically (analyse/evaluate)||Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analyse/evaluate)|
|Define||State meaning and identify essential qualities|
|Demonstrate||Show by example|
|Describe||Provide characteristics and features|
|Discuss||Identify issues and provide points for and/or against|
|Distinguish||Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between|
|Evaluate||Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of|
|Explain||Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why and/or how|
|Extract||Choose relevant and/or appropriate details|
|Extrapolate||Infer from what is known|
|Identify||Recognise and name|
|Interpret||Draw meaning from|
|Investigate||Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about|
|Justify||Support an argument or conclusion|
|Outline||Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of|
|Predict||Suggest what may happen based on available information|
|Propose||Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for consideration or action|
|Recall||Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences|
|Recommend||Provide reasons in favour|
|Recount||Retell a series of events|
|Summarise||Express, concisely, the relevant details|
|Synthesise||Putting together various elements to make a whole|
Want to achieve your ATAR goal?
- Read All About ATAR & Scaling to learn how to achieve your ATAR goal.
- Join over 4000 students who already have a head start. Book your free lesson now.
© Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au, 2017. Unauthorised use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.
Found this article interesting or useful? Share the knowledge!