Glossary of Key Words
Posted on May 13, 2012 by Matrix Education
When answering HSC questions, it is important you understand how you are expected to respond. This glossary of key words has been derived from the NSW Board of Studies.
|Account for||State reasons for, report on. Give an account of: narrate a series of events or transactions|
|Analyse||Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications|
|Apply||Use, utilise, employ in a particular situation|
|Appreciate||Make a judgement about the value of|
|Assess||Make a judgement of value, quality, outcomes, results or size|
|Calculate||Ascertain/determine from given facts, figures or information|
|Clarify||Make clear or plain|
|Classify||Arrange or include in classes/categories|
|Compare||Show how things are similar or different|
|Construct||Make; build; put together items or arguments|
|Contrast||Show how things are different or opposite|
|Critically (analyse/evaluate)||Add a degree or level of accuracy depth, knowledge and understanding, logic, questioning, reflection and quality to (analyse/evaluate)|
|Define||State meaning and identify essential qualities|
|Demonstrate||Show by example|
|Describe||Provide characteristics and features|
|Discuss||Identify issues and provide points for and/or against|
|Distinguish||Recognise or note/indicate as being distinct or different from; to note differences between|
|Evaluate||Make a judgement based on criteria; determine the value of|
|Explain||Relate cause and effect; make the relationships between things evident; provide why and/or how|
|Extract||Choose relevant and/or appropriate details|
|Extrapolate||Infer from what is known|
|Identify||Recognise and name|
|Interpret||Draw meaning from|
|Investigate||Plan, inquire into and draw conclusions about|
|Justify||Support an argument or conclusion|
|Outline||Sketch in general terms; indicate the main features of|
|Predict||Suggest what may happen based on available information|
|Propose||Put forward (for example a point of view, idea, argument, suggestion) for consideration or action|
|Recall||Present remembered ideas, facts or experiences|
|Recommend||Provide reasons in favour|
|Recount||Retell a series of events|
|Summarise||Express, concisely, the relevant details|
|Synthesise||Putting together various elements to make a whole|
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