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7 HSC Trial Problems to Test Your Maths Extension 2 Skills

In this post, Head Maths Teacher Oak Ukrit has given you 7 extension 2 questions that you should answer to test if you're HSC ready!

The Trials are nearly here. But are you really ready? Really? Let’s find out, Head Maths Teacher, Oak Ukrit, has put together 7 HSC Trial Problems to Test Your Maths Extension 2 Skills.

Let’s find out how ready you really are! Grab your pencil and switch your brain to turbo. Solve!

 

Question 1 – Standard Integral problems

 

a. Evaluate the following integrals

i.

\(\int e^{x}sin(x) \ dx\)

 

ii.

\(\int sec \ x \ + sec^{2}x + sec^{3}x+ sec^{4} x \ dx\)

 

iii.

\(\int \frac {2+3x+x^{2}}{x(x^{2}+1)}dx\)

 

Answers:

i.

\(I=\frac{1}{2}e^{x}(sin \ x-cos \ x) + C\)

ii.

\(I = 2 tan x+ \frac{1}{3} sec^{3}x+ \frac{1}{2} sec \ x \ tan \ x + \frac{3}{2} \mid sex \ x+ tan \ x \mid +C \)

iii.

\(I=ln \mid \frac{x^{2}}{\sqrt{x}^{2}+1} \mid +3tan^{-1}x+C\)

 

Question 2 – Recurrence Formulas and Definite Integral Properties

a. Given that

\(I_{n}= \int \frac{dx}{(x^{2}+a^{2})^{n}}\)

Show that

\(I_{n}= \frac{1}{2a^{2}(n-1)}(\frac{x}{(x^{2}+a^{2})^{n-1}}+(2n-3)I_{n-1})\)

 

b. Find the value of

\(\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{(sin \ x)^{\frac{\pi}{2}}}{(sin \ x)^{\frac{\pi}{2}}+(cos \ x)^{\frac{\pi}{2}}}dx\)

 

Answers:

b. \(I= \frac{\pi}{4}\)

 

Question 3 – Volumes

a. The region bounded by the circle \(x^{2}+y^{2}=a^{2}\) is the base of a solid. Cross sections taken perpendicular to the base and parallel to the y-axis are equilateral triangles.

Find the volume of the solid.

b.  A cylindrical hole of constant radius r and height h is bored through the centre of a sphere with radius R.

Find the volume of the solid in terms of h.

c.  The region bounded by the curve \(y=-x^{2}+4x-3\) and the x-axis is rotated about the line x=3 to form a solid.

Find the volume of the solid.

 

Answers:

a.

\(V=\frac{4}{3}a^{3} \ unit^{3}\)

b.

\(V=\frac{\pi h^{3}}{6}unit^{3}\)

c.

\(V=\frac{8 \pi}{3}unit^{3}\)

 

Question 4 – Complex Numbers

a. The points A, B, C and D lie on a circle centred at the origin. Let them represent the complex numbers \(z_1,z_2,z_3\) and \(z_4\) respectively. CB is produced to ‘.

By considering ∠ABC^’ and ∠ADC, prove that

\(Im(\frac{z_{1}-z_{2}}{z_{2}-z_{3}}\times \frac{z_{3}-z_{4}}{z_{1}-z_{4}})=0\)

7-hsc-trial-problems-to-test-your-maths-extension-2-skills-question-4

 

b.

i. Show that

\(tan5θ = \frac{tan^{5} \ θ-10 \ tan^{3} \ θ+5 \ tan \ θ}{5 \ tan^{4} \ θ-10 \ tan^{2} \ θ+1}\)

ii. By considering the equation \(t^{4}-10t^{2}+5=0\), show that,

\(tan(\frac{\pi}{5})tan(\frac{2 \pi}{5})-\sqrt5=0\)

 

Question 5 – Polynomials

a.  Let α, β and γ be the roots of \(P(x)=x^{3}+x^{2}-3x-2\)

 

By considering a transformation or otherwise, evaluate:

\((α+β)^{3}+(α+γ)^{3}+(β+γ)^{3}\)

 

b. Fully factorise \(P(x) = 12x^{3} -4x^{2}-13x-4\), given that it is a double root.

Answer:

a.

-23

b.

\(P(x)=(2x+1)^{2}(3x-4)\)

 

Question 6 – Curve Sketching

 

a.

i. Use implicit differentiation to analyse and sketch \(\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}=1\)

ii. Hence sketch \(\sqrt{\mid x \mid}+\sqrt{\mid y \mid}=1\)

b. Given the following graph of \( y=f(x) \) .

7-hsc-trial-problems-to-test-your-maths-extension-2-skills-question-curve-sketching

Sketch, on separate axes:

i. \(y=f(x^{2} )\)

ii. \(y=f(\frac{1}{x})\)

iii. \(y=f(ln⁡ \ x)\)

 

Question 7 – Conics

 

a. Let \(P(a sec⁡θ,b tan⁡θ )\) and \(Q(a sec⁡ϕ,b tan⁡ϕ )\) be two points on the hyperbola \(\frac{x^{2}}{a^{2}} -\frac{y^{2}}{b^{2}} =1 \) such that \( θ+⁡ϕ=\frac{π}{2}\)

i. Find the equations of the tangents to the hyperbola at these points.

ii. Find the locus of the point of intersection of the tangents.

b. The normal at the point \(P (cp,\frac{c}{p})\) on the hyperbola \(xy=c^{2}\) meets the curve again at \(Q(cq,\frac{c}{q})\)

i. Find the equation of the normal at P

ii. Find the coordinates of the point Q in terms of p

iii. Show that the locus of the midpoint of PQ is given by

\(x^{3}y^{3}=-\frac{c^{2}}{4}(x^{2}-y^{2})^{2}\)

 

c. A normal is drawn at the point \(P (x_{0},y_{0} )\) to the ellipse \(\frac{x^{2}}{a^{2}} + \frac {y^{2}}{b^{2}} =1\).

The ellipse has foci \(S^ \prime (-ae,0)\)  and \(S(ae,0)\) and the normal at P intersects the x-axis at N.

i. Show that

\(\frac{PS}{PS^ \prime }=\frac{NS}{NS^\prime }\)

ii. Let \(α=∠S^ \prime PN\) and \(β=∠NPS\).

By applying the sine rule or otherwise, show that \(α=β\)

iii. State the property that you have proven.

 

Answers:

a.i.

\(bx \ cosec⁡ \ θ-ay \ cot \ ⁡θ=ab\)

a.ii.

\(Locus \ is \ line \ y=-b, where -\sqrt{2}a \leq x\leq \sqrt{2}a\)

b.i.

\(p^{3}x-c(p^{4}-1)-py=0\)

b.ii.

\(Q(-\frac{c}{p^{3}} \ ,-cp^{3})\), where \( q =- \frac{1}{p^{3}}\)

c.iii.

Reflection Property of Ellipse

 

How did you go? Did you solve them all correctly?

 

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Written by Oak Ukrit

Oak is the Senior Mathematics Teacher at Matrix Education and has been teaching for over 10 years. He has 1st class honours in Aeronautical Engineering from UNSW where he taught for over 4 years while he was undertaking a PhD. When not plane spotting he enjoys landscape photography.

 

© Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au, 2018. Unauthorised use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

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