In this guide, we will explore why Year 11 is the most important year in high school, discuss the expectations of Stage 6 English, Mathematics, and Science, and explain how to use Year 11 to get ahead.
The Matrix Year 11 High School Survival Guide will show you how to navigate the Preliminary HSC. Year 11 is a very important year in your schooling, so what can you do to make the most of it and hit the HSC year with confidence? In Y11 you begin preliminary study of the subjects you’ll sit for the final HSC exams. So you need to understand key concepts and stay on top of the workload!
In this guide, we will discuss the expectations of Stage 6 English, Mathematics, and Science; and explain how to use Year 11 to get ahead.
Y11 is a big step up in terms of your responsibility as a student. Here’s a breakdown of what you need to know. You must::
Year 11 and Year 12 are both part of Stage 6. This means that the skills you develop in Year 11 will support your success in Year 12. Working hard in Year 11 is the foundation of HSC success. It is critical for students to stay on top of their subject material so they don’t fall behind.
In short:
Year 11 students often struggle to get on top of things. This can happen for a number of reasons:
Year 11 students receive a substantially higher workload. This means that students will need to do a significant amount of homework each night. Most students do at least 3 hours of study per day.
Conscientious students will do at least 3 hours study per evening.
This means that students will need to do between 15 and 18 hours of study each week!
Before Year 11 begins, students need to make some very important choices about what subjects they will study. You can do this with greater confidence knowing the following details:
As you can see, Year 11 is the most important Year in High School! A poor academic performance in Year 11 can greatly handicap your opportunities in Year 12!
NESA refers to the learning journey of students as Stages. Years 11 and 12 are known as Stage 6. Each subject has a specific set of Stage 6 Outcomes that students are expected to meet.
For some subjects, Stage 6 is divided into Preliminary and HSC. The subjects will have specific Outcomes for each year. You can find more information about Stage 6 here on the NESA website.
To succeed in Years 11 and 12, students must have a thorough understanding of what their subjects involve and what the NESA outcomes are.
Let’s have a look at the requirements for English, Maths, and Science.
The Year 11 and 12 English courses are divided up into:
Only certain students can take English Studies or EAL/D. Students who feel they should take this course must speak to their teacher and Year coordinator. If you would like to know more about the EAL/D course and entry requirements, they can be found here on the NESA website.
English Studies and English Life Skills are not eligible for an ATAR. Students studying these English courses will not receive an ATAR from UAC.
A minimum standard of Band 5 in English Advanced or Standard is becoming a common prerequisite for some university degrees. The percentage of students who achieved Band 5 or 6 in 2016 can be seen in the following table:
Table: comparing Standard and Advanced results  
English Advanced  English Standard  
Percentage of Students Receiving Band 6  15.41%  0.85% 
Percentage of Students Receiving Band 5  46.59%  12.62% 
In 2016, 62% of English Advanced students received a Band 5 or higher, but only 13.47% of English Standard students achieved above a Band 5.
It is important that students take the appropriate level of English for their abilities and the requirements of their desired university courses. More information about the differences between English Advanced vs English Standard vs English Studies can be found here.
Year 11 English is divided into three Modules for English Advanced, English Standard and English Studies.
Let’s see what is involved in Year 11 English:
Table: Comparison of English Courses  
English Advanced  English Standard  English Studies  EAL/D  
Common Module  Reading to Write  Reading to Write  (Mandatory Module) Achieving Through English  Optional teacherdeveloped module 
Module A  Narratives that Shape Our World  Contemporary possibilities  Chosen from a list of 14 electives  Language and Texts in Context 
Module B  Critical Study of Literature  Close Study of literature  Chosen from a list of 14 electives  Close Study of Text 
Module C  No Module C  No Module C  No Module C  Texts and Society 
Year 11 students need to be aware that:
You can find a comprehensive overview of Year 11 English Advanced and its Modules in Part 1 of our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English.
We recommend students speak with their School English coordinator regarding the suitable level of English.
The new Stage 6 English syllabus began in 2018. The Year 11 English Advanced course is intended for students who have developed strong English skills and results throughout Stage 5.
In Year 12, English Advanced students need to satisfy the following outcomes in order to obtain an HSC mark in Band 5 or 6. Note that 15.41% of English Advanced students received band 6 compared to 0.85% of English Standard students. It is important that Year 11 students familiarise themselves with Stage 6 learning outcomes so that they are better prepared to achieve Band 5 or 6 results in Year 12.
The learning outcomes are:
Table: Stage 6 English Advanced Outcomes (Source: NESA Website)  
Year 11 English Advanced  
Outcome EA111  responds to, composes and evaluates complex texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure 
Outcome EA112  uses and evaluates processes, skills and knowledge required to effectively respond to and compose texts in different modes, media and technologies 
Objective B: use language to shape and make meaning according to purpose, audience and context  
Outcome EA113  analyses and uses language forms, features and structures of texts considering appropriateness for specific purposes, audiences and contexts and evaluates their effects on meaning 
Outcome EA114  strategically uses knowledge, skills and understanding of language concepts and literary devices in new and different contexts 
Objective C: think in ways that are imaginative, creative, interpretive and critical  
Outcome EA115  thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively and critically to respond to, evaluate and compose texts that synthesise complex information, ideas and arguments 
Outcome EA116  investigates and evaluates the relationships between texts 
Objective D: express themselves and their relationships with others and their world  
Outcome EA117  evaluates the diverse ways texts can represent personal and public worlds and recognises how they are valued 
Outcome EA118  explains and evaluates cultural assumptions and values in texts and their effects on meaning 
Objective E: learn and reflect on their learning through their study of English  
Outcome EA119  reflects on, evaluates and monitors own learning and adjusts individual and collaborative processes to develop as an independent learner 
To achieve a Band 6 result, students need to demonstrate extensive knowledge of their texts and write insightful responses that demonstrate their insight into those texts. The best way for students to perform well in Year 11 English is to understand how their texts reflect the concerns of the Module and write responses that demonstrate an understanding of the English Advanced Year 11 course Outcomes.
Matrix Year 11 English Advanced Theory Books teach students how to address the outcomes for Stage 6, the Band 6 descriptors, and the specific Module requirements. Students who strive to address the Stage Outcomes and Band Descriptors always perform better than their peers.
The Matrix Year 11 English Advanced timetable is below:
Table: Matrix Year 11 English Advanced Program  
2019 Year 11 English Advanced  
Oct – Dec  How to Be a Better Writer 
Feb – Apr  Common Module: Reading to Write 
Apr – Jun  Module A: Narratives That Shape Our World 
Jul – Sep  Module B: Critical Study of Literature 
Year 11 students at Matrix gain an extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts of preliminary English. Matrix English courses run for a term and with 9 structured lessons. If you want help getting started with Stage 6 English, read our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English!
The Year 11 Maths Standard Course is suitable for students who have achieved competence in Year 10 General Maths and want a unit of Maths to count towards their HSC for University courses admittance.
Maths Standard is designed to provide students with practical maths skills to help them thrive in the real world and manage their own finances or run a small business. Maths Standard is geared towards realworld applications of mathematics. Mathematics Standard (Preliminary) prepare students for Mathematics Standard 2 where they can further develop their mathematical skills. However, this course stops short of calculus and higher Mathematics.
The Year 11 Maths Standard and Year 12 Maths Standard 2 topics are listed below:
Year 11 Maths Standard
Main topics  Subtopics 
Algebra  MSA1 Formulae and Equations MSA2 Linear Relationships 
Measurement  MSM1 Applications of Measurement MSM2 Working with Time 
Financial Mathematics  MSF1 Money Matters 
Statistical Analysis  MSS2 Data Analysis MSS2 Relative Frequency and Probability 
Table: Year 11 Maths Standard 
Year 12 Maths Standard 2
Main Topics  Subtopics 
Algebra  MSA4 Types of Relationships 
Measurement  MSM6 NonRightAngledTriangles MSM7 Rates and Ratios 
Financial Mathematics  MSF4 Investments and Loans MSF5 Annuities 
Statistical Analysis  MSS4 Bivariate Data Analysis MSS5 The Normal Distribution 
Networks  MSN1 Network Concepts MSN2 Critical Path Analysis 
Table: Year 12 Maths Standard 2 
The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Advanced course is intended for students who have demonstrated general competence in all the skills in the Year 10 Mathematics Advanced Course.
Students who require substantial Mathematics at a tertiary level supporting the Physical Sciences, Computer Science, or Engineering should undertake the Extension 1 or Extension 2 course.
The content and depth of treatment of the Mathematics Advanced course is intended to give students an understanding of and competence in some further aspects of Mathematics that are applicable to the real world.
The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Advanced topics are listed below:
Year 11 Mathematics Advanced
Main Topics  Subtopics 
Table: Year 11 Mathematics Advanced Syllabus  
Functions  MAF1 – Working with Functions 
Trigonometric Functions  MAT1 – Trigonometry and Measure of Angles MAT2 – Trigonometric Functions and Identities 
Calculus  MAC1 – Introduction to Differentiation 
Exponential and Logarithmic Functions  MAE1 – Logarithmic and Exponentials 
Statistical Analysis  MAS1 – Probability and Discrete Probability Distributions 
Year 12 Mathematics Advanced
Main Topics  Subtopics 
Table: Year 12 Mathematics Advanced Syllabus  
Functions  MAF2 – Graphing Techniques 
Trigonometric Functions  MAT3 – Trigonometric Functions and Graphs 
Calculus  MAC2 – Differential Calculus MAC3 – Applications of Differentiation MAC4 – Integral Calculus 
Financial Mathematics  MAM1 – Modelling Financial Situations 
Statistical Analysis  MAS2 – Descriptive Statistics and Bivariate Data Analysis MAS3 – Random Variables 
The new Stage 6 Mathematics syllabus starts in 2019, not in 2018. This means that the 2017 Year 10 students will study the current Stage 6 Mathematics syllabus in 2018.
The Year 11 & 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is intended for students who have demonstrated a mastery of the skills in the Year 10 Mathematics Advanced course.
The content of the Mathematics Extension 1 course includes the whole of the Mathematics Advanced (2 unit) course. Therefore students sit two HSC exams for this course:
For this reason, the Year 12 Mathematics Advanced course is assigned 2 units of HSC marks and the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is assigned 1 unit of HSC marks. Hence the total number of units for this course is 3 units.
The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Extension 1 topics are listed below:
Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1
Main Topics  Subtopics 
Table: Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1 Syllabus  
Functions  MEF1 – Further Works with Functions MEF2 – Polynomials 
Trigonomtric Functions  MET1 – Inverse Trigonometric Functions MET2 – Further Trigonometric Functions 
Calculus  MEC1 – Rates of Change 
Combinatorics  MEE1 – Working with Combinatorics 
Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1
Main Topics  Subtopics 
Table: Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 Syllabus  
Proof  MEP1 – Proof by Mathematical Induction 
Vectors  MEV1 – Introduction to Vectors 
Trigonometric Functions  MET3 – Trigonometric Equations 
Calculus  MEC2 – Further Calculus Skills MEC3 – Applications of Calculus 
Statistical Analysis  MES1 – The Binomial Distributions 
At Matrix, students gain extensive knowledge and skills of all the topics indicated in the syllabus. The Matrix Year 11 Mathematics Advanced and Extension 1 course programs are shown below:
Table: Matrix Year 11 Mathematics Program  
Period  Year 11 Maths Standard  Year 11 Maths Advanced  Year 11 Maths Extension 1 
Sep Dec  Arithmetic Mathematics Formulae and Equations Decimals and Percentages 
Algebraic Techniques Linear Functions Absolute Values 
Functions and Relations NonLinear Functions Absolute Values and Inequalities Polynomials 
Jan – Apr  Working with Time Financial Mathematics Relative Frequency and Probability 
Functions and Relations Quadratics and Polynomials NonLinear Functions Trigonometry 
Trigonometry and Inverse Trigonometry Introductory Calculus 
Apr – Jun  Applications of Measurement Data Analysis 
Further Trigonometry Introductory Calculus Applications of Differentiation 
Graphical Relationships Applications of Differentiation Exponential and Logarithms 
Jul – Sep  Linear Relationships Simultaneous Linear Equations NonLinear Relationships Yearly Mock Exam 
Exponential and Logarithms Probability and Statistics Yearly Exam Revision 
Parametric Forms Probability and Statistics Combinatorics 
Year 11 students at Matrix gain an extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts of preliminary mathematics through its structured 9 lesson courses.
Students can choose to undertake:
The new Stage 6 Science syllabus started in 2018. These science courses build upon the Year 10 sciences course.
The Year 11 Science course structure is outlined in the table below:
Table: Year 11 Science Program  
Year 11 Biology  Year 11 Chemistry  Year 11 Physics  
Skills  Working scientifically  Working scientifically  Working scientifically 
Module 1  Cells as the Basis of Life  Properties and Structure of Matter  Kinematics 
Module 2  Organisation of Living Things  Introduction to Quantitative Chemistry  Dynamics 
Module 3  Biological Diversity  Reactive Chemistry  Waves and Thermodynamics 
Module 4  Ecosystem Dynamics  Drivers of Reactions  Electricity and Magnetism 
In the Year 11 Biology course, students develop knowledge and understanding of:
In the Year 11 Chemistry course, students develop knowledge and understanding of:
In the Year 11 Physics course, students develop knowledge and understanding of:
Year 11 students at Matrix gain an extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts through its structured courses. Students can choose to undertake:
The Matrix Year 11 Science Term and Holiday Course Programs for are tabulated below:
Table: Matrix Year 11 Science Program  
Period  Year 11 Biology  Year 11 Chemistry  Year 11 Physics 
Sep Dec 



Jan – Apr 



Apr – Jun 



Jul – Sep 



Every year, a large number of Year 11 & 12 students ask the question “How did that student get such a high ATAR?” When we analysed the hundreds of academically successful Matrix graduates, we noticed they had a few things in common.
Let’s look at what they are:
Successful students have an explicit understanding of what’s required to attain a Band 6 performance. This requires students to have a clear understanding of the syllabus requirements and the Band 6 performance band descriptor for their subjects.
You can view the syllabuses here:
Band 6 and Band E4 Performance Descriptors are outlined below. Band 6 is the highest Band for a 2 Unit course (90 – 100 marks), and Band E4 (45 – 50 marks or 90 – 100 marks) is the highest Band for an Extension 1 and 2 courses such as English Extension 1 and 2, or Mathematics Extension 1 and 2. For the full list of band descriptors, visit the NESA website
English Advanced (15.41%)
In 2016 HSC, 15.41% of the Year 12 English Advanced students attained Band 6.
English Standard (0.85%)
In 2016 HSC, 0.85% of the Year 12 English Standard students attained Band 6.
Mathematics Advanced (23.2%)
In 2016 HSC, 23.2% of the Year 12 Mathematics Advanced students attained Band 6.
Mathematics Extension 1 (33.12%)
In 2016 HSC, 33.012% of the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 students attained Band E4.
Mathematics Extension 2 (32.05%)
In 2016 HSC, 32.05% of the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 2 students attained Band E4.
Biology Band 6 Performance Descriptor
In 2016 HSC, 8.76% of the Year 12 Biology students attained Band 6.
Chemistry Band 6 Performance Descriptor
In 2016 HSC, 9.7% of the Year 12 Chemistry students attained Band 6.
Physics Band 6 Performance Descriptor
In 2016 HSC, 8.37% of the Year 12 Physics students attained Band 6.
They always start with the end in mind. Year 11 students should have an ATAR goal and a university course that they are working towards.
The student shown in the picture below set an ATAR goal of 99 at the beginning of Year 12. She displayed her ATAR goal on her desk as a daily reminder and to help her maintain motivated.
At the end of Year 12, she attained an ATAR of 98.95! Although she didn’t achieve her exact ATAR, she says “Without a clear goal in mind, I probably wouldn’t have been as determined. I think I would have gotten a lower ATAR”.
Read the blog post on ‘How to set goals to enter your university course of choice.’
They always get things done on time. Every time. By consistently completing their tasks by the due date, these students gain an advantage over their peers. We find that whilst discipline is a hurdle for many students, Matrix students make it a priority in order to achieve their best results.
If you lack motivation and determination, watch Sally Kim share her story of success.
Successful students are very selfconscious about how they spend their time. They don’t like wasting time and they dislike others who waste their time. Here are four things that they practise to manage their time effectively.
Step 1: They create a Daily ToDoList using a journal.
Image: Sample Student ToDo List
Step 2: They prioritise the tasks based on importance and urgency.
Step 3: They get ahead of school during the school holidays.
All the past successful students have used their school holidays for advanced completion of content through Matrix Holiday Accelerated Course. This creates blocks of time that students can use for sharpening their skills through exam paper practice.
For example, a student studying Year 12 Chemistry and Year 12 Maths Extension 1 courses would have dedicated 6 hours of study each day for 9 days. This equates to 54 hours of additional study whilst others are doing very little. It also means that the student has saved 54 hours of study during the term.
Step 4: They establish a weekly rhythm to get ahead with exam preparation.
For a more detailed explanation on managing time effectively, read this blog post on ‘How to create a study plan that works.’
NESA mandates that schools must provide students with assessment schedules and notifications in advance.
Assessment schedules are documents that outline when you should have an assessment for a given subject. They will include important information such as:
Assessment notifications are documents that provide important information about how to prepare for the assessment. For each task, students will be presented with an assessment notification.
These must be given to students at least two weeks prior to the assessment. They must contain:
To do well in their assessments, students should pay careful attention to their assessment notifications. In particular, students should make an effort to understand the marking criteria, which will clarify what the markers will be expecting from them.
Below is an example of the first page of Year 11 Physics Assessment Notification. View the sample Y11 Physics Assessment Task.
To do well in their assessments, students should pay careful attention to their assessment notifications. In particular, students should make an effort to understand the marking criteria, which will clarify what the markers will be expecting from them.
Sample marking criteria and assessment notifications and schedules can be found on the NESA website. Click the link below to download:
We hope this blog and the links provided are a useful resource in helping to prepare you for what’s to come in Year 11, and in achieving your academic ambitions.
Read our Beginner’s Guide to Acing Year 11 Maths to learn the Skills you need to conquer Year 11 and ACE the HSC!
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