In this Guide, we give you the rundown of what to expect in Year 12 and step-by-step advice about how to get ahead from your first day.

In this Year 12 High School Survival Guide, we will discuss the expectations of Year 12 and strategies to make it your most successful year yet! Year 12, as your HSC year, is the most important year of high school.

- An Overview of Year 12
- Choosing the Right Subjects for the HSC
- Understanding Year 12 Subjects
- Year 12 English Standard
- Year 12 English Advanced
- Year 12 Mathematics Advanced (2 Units)
- Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 (3 Units)
- Year 12 Mathematics Extension 2 (4 Units)
- Year 12 Science: Biology, Chemistry, and Physics
- HSC Success Secrets
- Assessment Schedules

Though students often focus their worry on the examinations at the end of the year, thereâ€™s more to an HSC mark than just exams. In Year 12, every school assessment mark counts, and, in fact, 50% of the final HSC mark for each subject is taken from a studentâ€™s assessment mark. For this reason, you are under an enormous amount of pressure through the entirety of Year 12, not just during the exam period.

Let’s look at Year 12 and the ways you can maximise your results.

**What’s expected of students in Year 12Â **

You must prepare for the following changes when transitioning into Year 12:

- They must be clear about which subject(s) to discontinue from their studies from Year 11
- They must be clear about the Extension 2 subjects they should pick up
- They must know their syllabus
- An increase in conceptual difficulty
- An increase in workload as there will be more frequent assessments
- They must beÂ goal-oriented
- They must undertake self-directed learning

**Common issues amongst Year 12 students**

Let’s have a look at some common issues that you may face in year 12,

**Carrying forward too many subjects into Year 12**– Often students are reluctant to drop subjects that they struggled with in Year 11. Even though they have more than 10 units of courses, studentsÂ want additional units as a backup subject.**Being unawareÂ of the syllabus requirements –**Â The NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) provide students and parents with the Syllabus outcomes and requirements for each unit of study. Many students don’t take the time to read through this information and learn what NESA expects of them. Note that, the HSC exams make up 50% of a student’s marksÂ while the other 50% comes from their school assessments.**Trying to memorise a large amount of information before the exam**– Students often try (and fail) to cram for their subjects.**Struggling with time management**– It’s very common for students to struggle to make assignment deadlines or to prepare adequately in time for their assignments and assessments. Year 12 is not just school as usual, it requires additional organisation and time investment.**Working hard without a goal**Â – Many students are unaware ofÂ the benefits of having clear and well-defined academic goals.Â Students need regular checkpoints so they can assess their progress and ensure they are on track to achieve the marks that they need for their university courses.**Struggling with independent learningÂ**–Â Students will not get mastery of a subject from their class time. It is important that students practice and revise their skills at home when they study.Â Students who are not independent learners quickly fall behind their peers.

In order to achieve their best possible outcome, students need to think very hard about what subjects are right for them. This may well involve dropping subjects that students are not performing very well in.Â This allows students to invest more time in each subject and increase their chance of success in those subjects.

There are some important things to be aware of when making these decisions:

- The minimum number of units in Year 12 is 10 units ofÂ courses.
- English is a compulsory subject.
- Students should remain inÂ English Advanced and not change to English Standard unless they are not in the top 62% of the state.
- Students can drop Extension 1 subjects that they are not scoring well in at the beginning of Year 12.
- Some university courses have a minimum attainment for English Standard and English Advanced.
- Biology, Chemistry, and Physics are recommended subjects in medicine, dentistry, and health science university courses.
- A UCAT score is required for entry into medicine, dentistry and health science universityÂ courses. Read more about the UCAT.
- Students can find course prerequisite information at the UAC website.

To succeed in Year 12 subjects, students need to have a thorough understanding of what their subjects involve and what the NESA outcomes are. Let’s have a look at the requirements for English, Maths, and Science.

The Year 12 English courses are divided up into:

- English as aÂ Language or Dialect (EAL/D) (2 Unit)
- English Standard (2 Unit)
- English Advanced (2 Unit)
- English Extension 1 (3 unit)
- English Extension 2 (4 unit)
- English Studies (2 Unit, non-ATAR Course)
- English Life Skills (2 Unit, non-ATAR Course)

From 2019, some of these courses differ substantially from one another and need some explanation.

The 2 Unit English courses do not all meet the requirements for receiving an ATAR.

English Standard, English Advanced, and EAL/D are all eligible for an ATAR.

English Studies and English Life Skills are units that UAC classes as category B subjects and ineligible for consideration for an ATAR. As you must have 2 units of Category A English to receive an ATAR, studying these subjects will mean that you must find an alternative pathway to university. Students doing English Studies can choose to sit the HSC exam and receive an HSC mark, but will not an ATAR. At this stage, it is unclear if English Life Skills students will be able to sit the HSC for English.

The English Extension Courses require a significant investment of your time and effort. This effort is rewarded if you do well in these courses as they scale well. However, your teachers will offer you the opportunity to take these courses if they feel you are capable of succeeding in them. (Matrix does not offer English Extension courses but enrolled students can get assistance and feedback on English Extension work from their Matrix teachers and our Expert Tutors during workshops).

Only certain students can take ESL. Students who feel they should take this course must speak to their teacher and year coordinator.

A minimum standard of Band 5 in English Advanced or Standard is becoming common for some university degrees. The percentage of students who achieved Band 5 or 6 in 2021 can be seen in the following table:

English Advanced | English Standard | |

Table: Comparison of 2021 English Advanced and English Standard HSC Results | ||

Percentage of Students Receiving Band 6 | 16% | 1% |

Percentage of Students Receiving Band 5 | 52% | 16% |

In 2021, 63% of English Advanced students received a Band 5 or higher, but only 17% of English Standard students achieved above a Band 5.

It is important that students take the appropriate level of English for their abilities and the requirements of their desired university course. It is also important for students and parents to understand the different rates of success common to each English course, and make informed decisions about chances for success. More information about choosing between English Advanced and English Standard can be found here.

**2 Unit English is divided into four Modules for the HSC**. Let’s see what is involved in for the different English Courses from 2019:

Table: English Courses and Modules for Year 12 | ||||

Common Module | Module A | Module B | Module C | |

English Advanced | Text and Human Experiences | Textual Conversations | Close Study of Literature | The Craft of Writing |

English Standard | Text and Human Experiences | Language Identity and Culture | Close Study of Literature | The Craft of Writing |

EAL/D | Text and Human Experiences | Language Identity and Culture | Close Study of Text | Focus on Writing |

English Studies | Text and Human Experiences | Teachers can choose from 14 Modules | Teachers can choose from 14 Modules | Teachers can choose from 14 Modules |

English Life Skills | Teachers can choose which Modules they teach from all of the 2 Unit courses on offer | Teachers can choose which Modules they teach from all of the 2 Unit courses on offer | Teachers can choose which Modules they teach from all of the 2 Unit courses on offer | Teachers can choose which Modules they teach from all of the 2 Unit courses on offer |

The English Studies and English Life Skills courses have modules that are chosen by your teacher.

English Standard, English Advanced, EAL/D, and the Common Module for English Studies all have a list of prescribed texts. For some modules, students will need to select their own supplementary texts from a variety of different mediums.

Each one of these modules and electives has a different set of requirements and addresses different Stage 6 outcomes. It is important that you read the NESA documentation around this. Detailed information can be found in theÂ 2019-2023 English prescriptions document.

If you would like a detailed breakdown of the English Advanced Modules for Year 12, read Part 12 of our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English.

English standard is for students who have competence and proficiency in English but haven’t performed at the level required to succeed in English Advanced.

To succeed in English standard, students will need to master the following syllabus outcomes.

Table: NESA (formerly BOSTES) Stage 6 Outcomes (Source: NESA Website) | |

Year 12 English Standard | |

Objective A: communicate through speaking, listening, reading, writing, viewing and representing | |

Outcome EN12-1 | A student independently responds to and composes complex texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure |

Outcome EN12-2 | A student uses, evaluates and justifies processes, skills and knowledge required to effectively respond to and compose texts in different modes, media and technologies |

Objective B: use language to shape and make meaning according to purpose, audience and context | |

Outcome EN12-3 | A student analyses and uses language forms, features and structures of texts and justifies their appropriateness for purpose, audience and context and explains effects on meaning |

Outcome EN12-4 | A student adapts and applies knowledge, skills and understanding of language concepts and literary devices into new and different contexts |

Objective C: think in ways that are imaginative, creative, interpretive and critical | |

Outcome EN12-5 | A student thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively, analytically and discerningly to respond to and compose texts that include considered and detailed information, ideas and arguments |

Outcome EN12-6 | A student investigates and explains the relationships between texts |

Objective D: express themselves and their relationships with others and their world | |

Outcome EN12-7 | A studentÂ explains and evaluates the diverse ways texts can represent personal and public worlds |

Outcome EN12-8 | A student explains and evaluates nuanced cultural assumptions and values in texts and their effects on meaning |

Objective E: learn and reflect on their learning through their study of English | |

Outcome EN12-9 | A student reflects on, evaluates and monitors own learning and refines individual and collaborative processes as an independent learner. |

Standard students need to demonstrate insightful knowledge of their texts and produce clearly written and well-structured responses.

Matrix English Standard Theory Books and courses help students gain the skills and confidence to succeed in the HSC.

The Year 12 English Advanced course is intended for students who have demonstrated good competence in English throughout Year 10 and 11.

Year 12 English Advanced students need to satisfy the following outcomes in order to obtain an HSC mark in band 5 or 6. Note that 16% of English Advanced students received band 6 compared to 1% of English Standard students in 2021.

Table: NESA (formerly BOSTES) Stage 6 Outcomes (Source: NESA Website) | |

Year 12 English Advanced | |

Objective A: communicate through speaking, listening, reading, writing, viewing and representing | |

Outcome EA12-1 | A student independently responds to, composes and evaluates a range of complex texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure |

Outcome EA12-2 | A student uses, evaluates and justifies processes, skills and knowledge required to effectively respond to and compose texts in different modes, media and technologies |

Objective B: use language to shape and make meaning according to purpose, audience and context | |

Outcome EA12-3 | A student critically analyses and uses language forms, features and structures of texts justifying appropriateness for specific purposes, audiences and contexts and evaluates their effects on meaning |

Outcome EA12-4 | A student strategically adapts and applies knowledge, skills and understanding of language concepts and literary devices in new and different contexts |

Objective C: think in ways that are imaginative, creative, interpretive and critical | |

Outcome EA12-5 | A student thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively, critically and discerningly to respond to, evaluate and compose texts that synthesise complex information, ideas and arguments |

Outcome EA12-6 | A student investigates and evaluates the relationships between texts |

Objective D: express themselves and their relationships with others and their world | |

Outcome EA12-7 | A student evaluates the diverse ways texts can represent personal and public worlds and recognises how they are valued |

Outcome EA12-8 | A student explains and evaluates nuanced cultural assumptions and values in texts and their effects on meaning |

Objective E: learn and reflect on their learning through their study of English | |

Outcome EA12-9 | A student reflects on, evaluates and monitors own learning and refines individual and collaborative processes as an independent learner. |

To achieve a Band 6 result, you need to demonstrate extensive knowledge of their texts and write insightful responses that demonstrate your understandingÂ of those texts.

Matrix Year 12 English Advanced Theory Books teach you how to address the outcomes for Stage 6, the Band 6 descriptors, and the specific Module requirements. Students who strive to address the outcomes and Band Descriptors always perform better than their peers.

The Matrix Year 12 English Standard and Advanced timetables are below:

Table: Matrix Year 12 English Standard and AdvancedÂ Programs | ||

Year 12 English Standard | Year 12 English Advanced | |

Oct – Dec | Common Module: Texts and Human Experiences Short Answer Skills, The Common Module Essay, Decoding the Syllabus, School Assessment Preparation, Writing Workshop for School Assessment, Practice Paper One and Peer Feedback |
Common Module: Texts and Human Experiences Short Answer Skills, The Common Module Essay, Decoding the Syllabus, School Assessment Preparation, Writing Workshop for School Assessment, Practice Paper One and Peer Feedback |

Feb – Apr | Module A: Language, Culture and Identity Texts TBA |
Module A: Textual Conversations Richard III / Looking for Richard Mrs Dalloway / The Hours The Tempest / Hag-Seed Sylvia Plath / Ted Hughes |

Apr – Jun | Module B: Close study of texts Texts TBA |
Module B: Critical Study of Literature The Poetry of T.S. Eliot Emma King Henry IV, Part 1 |

July Holidays | Year 12 HSC Trial Exam Preparation Course Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 |
Year 12 HSC Trial Exam Preparation Course Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 |

Jul – Sep | Year 12 HSC Exam Preparation Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 and 2, Feedback |
Year 12 HSC Exam Preparation Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 and 2, Feedback |

Sept-Oct Holidays | Year 12 HSC Trial Exam Preparation Course Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 |
Year 12 HSC Trial Exam Preparation Course Revision of all Modules, Essay Writing, Unseen Skills, Practice Paper 1 |

During the Term Courses, Year 12 students at Matrix gain extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts and essay structure in the English subjects over 9 3-hour lessons. During the Holiday Courses, Students study each course intensively over 6 3-hour lessons.

If you are unsure of where to start with your study of English, read our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English!

Year 12 is the last chance to develop your English skills before the HSC. If you need help, read our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English!

The Year 11 and 12 Maths Standard 2 courses are aimed at students who want a deep practical understanding of Maths for business and possible use in tertiary settings. Maths Standard 2 will not, however, meet the Maths prerequisites for university courses.

Maths Standard 2 is largely a practical subject, with students learning and developing skills such as financial literacy and a fundamental understanding of data sets.

The Year 11 and 12 Maths Standard 2 topics are listed below:

Table: Stage 6 Mathematics Advanced Syllabus | |

Year 11 Mathematics Standard 2 | Year 12 Mathematics Standard 2 |

MS-A1: Formulae and Equations | MS-A4 Types of Relationships |

MS-A2: Linear Relationships | MS-F4 Investments and Loans |

MS-F1 (F1.1): Interest and depreciation | MS-N2 Network Concepts |

MS-M1 Applications of Measurement (M1.1) | MS-F5 Annuities |

MS-F1 Money Matters | MS-M6 Non-right-angled trigonometry |

MS-M2 Working with Time | MS-M7 Rates and Ratios |

MS-S1 Data Analysis | MS-N3 Critical Path Analysis |

MS-S2 Relative Frequency and Probability | MS-S4 Bivariate Data Analysis |

MS-S5 The Normal Distribution |

The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Advanced courses are intended for students who have demonstrated general competence in all the skills in the Year 10 Mathematics Advanced Course.

Students who require substantial Mathematics at a tertiary level supporting the physical sciences, computer science or engineering should undertake the Extension 1 or Extension 2 course.

The content and depth of treatment of the Mathematics Advanced course is intended to give students an understanding of and competence in some further aspects of Mathematics that are applicable to the real world.

Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Advanced topics are listed below:

Table: Stage 6 Mathematics Advanced Syllabus | |

Year 11 Mathematics Advanced | Year 12 Mathematics Advanced |

MA-F1 Working with Functions | MA-F2 Graphing Techniques |

MA-T1 Trigonometry and Measure of Angles MA-T2 Trigonometric Functions and Identities |
MA-T3 Trigonometric Functions and Graphs |

MA-C1 Introduction to Differentiation | MA-C2 Differential Calculus MA-C3 Applications of Differentiation MA-C4 Integral Calculus |

MA-E1 Logarithms and Exponentials | Modelling Financial Situations |

MA-S1 Probability and Discrete Probability Distributions | MA-S2 Descriptive Statistics and Bivariate Data Analysis MA-S3 Random Variables |

The Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is intended for students who have demonstrated a high level of competency in the Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1Â course.

The content of the Mathematics Extension 1 course includes the whole of the Mathematics Advanced (2 unit) course. Therefore, students sit two HSC exams for this course:

- Year 12 Mathematics Advanced Exam
- Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 Exam

For this reason,Â the Year 12 Mathematics Advanced course is assigned 2 units of HSC marks and the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is assigned 1 unit of HSC marks. Hence, the total number of units for this course is 3 units.

Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Extension 1 topics are listed below:

Table: Mathematics Extension 1 Syllabus | |

## Year 11 Maths Extension Â 1 |
## Year 12 Maths Extension 1 |

ME-F1 Further Work with Functions | ME-P1 Proof by Mathematical Induction |

ME-F1 Further Work with Functions ME-F2 Polynomials |
ME-V1 Introduction to Vectors |

ME-T1 Inverse Trigonometric Functions ME-T2 Further Trigonometric Identities |
ME-T3 Trigonometric Equations |

ME-C1 Rates of Change | ME-C2 Further Calculus Skills ME-C3 Applications of Calculus |

ME-A1 Working with Combinatorics | ME-S1 The Binomial Distribution |

The Year 12 Mathematics Extension 2 course isÂ designed for students with a special interest in mathematics who have:

- Demonstrated mastery of the skills in the Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1Â course
- Shown that they possess a special aptitude for the subject

The content of the Mathematics Extension 2 course includes the whole of the Mathematics Extension 1 course. Therefore theÂ students sit two HSC exams:

- Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1
- Year 12 Mathematics Extension 2

For this reason, Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 and 2 are assigned 2 units of HSC marks each resulting in a total of 4 units of HSC marks.

There are 5 topics (and 7 sub-topics) in the Year 12 MathematicsÂ Extension 2 course:

- The Nature of Proof
- Further Proof by Mathematical Induction
- Further Work with Vectors
- Introduction to Complex Numbers
- Using Complex Numbers
- Further Integration
- Applications of Calculus to Mechanics

At Matrix, students are taught to gain extensive knowledge and skills of all the topics indicated in the syllabus.

The Matrix Year 12 Mathematics course programs areÂ shown belowÂ :

Table: Matrix Year 12 Mathematics Program | ||||

Period | Year 12 Maths Standard 2 | Year 12 Maths Advanced | Year 12Â Maths Extension 1 | Year 12Â Maths Extension 2 |

Sep- Dec | Algebra
Types of Relationships Trigonometric Functions Rates and Ratios |
Significance of First and Second Derivatives
Applications of Differentiation Integration Graphing Techniques |
Vectors
Revision of Differentiation Integration Mathematical Induction |
Introduction to Complex Numbers
Using Complex Numbers The Nature of Proof Proofs in Number Theory |

Jan – Apr | Investments and Loans
Annuities Network Concepts The Normal Distribution Bivariate Data Analysis |
Calculus of Trigonometric Functions
Descriptive Statistics Bivariate Data Analysis Continuous Random Variables and Normal Distributions |
Further Trigonometric Equations
Calculus of Trigonometric Calculus of Inverse Trigonometric Functions Methods of Integration |
Proofs Involving Inequalities
Further Proofs by Mathematical Induction Further Works with Vectors Further Integration |

Apr – Jun | Working with Time
Probability Critical Path Analysis Guided Practice Exams |
Arithmetic Progressions
Geometric Progressions Modelling Investment and Loans Financial Applications of Aps and GPs |
Projectile Motion
Differential Equations Arithmetic and Geometric Progression Financial Mathematics |
Recurrence Relationships
Modelling Motions Simple Harmonic Motion Projectiles with Resisted Motion |

Jul – Sep | HSC Exam Booster
Revision of Algebra Revision of Trigonometric Functions Revision of Financial Mathematics Revision of Statistics Revision of Networks |
HSC Exam Booster
Revision of Preliminary Topics Revision of Calculus Revision of Trigonometric Functions Revision of Statistics |
Arithmetic and Geometric Progressions
Financial Mathematics HSC Mark Booster |
HSC Exam Booster
Trial Examination Revision Tackling Questions 15 & 16 HSC Examination Preparation |

Year 12 students at Matrix gain extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts in the MathematicsÂ subjects throughÂ structured 9Â lesson courses.

The Year 12 science courses build upon the Year 11 science courses. Students who have failed to gain in-depth knowledge and understanding of the key concepts will find the Year 12 sciences courses challenging.

The Year 12 science courses incorporate the study of 4 modules which build upon the 4 Year 11 modules (they cover modules 5-8 of the Stage 6 syllabus, after modules 1-4 are covered in Year 11).

The modules areÂ outlined in the table below:

Table: Stage 6 Science Syllabus | |||

Year 12 Biology | Year 12 Chemistry | Year 12 Physics | |

Skills | Working scientifically | Working scientifically | Working scientifically |

Module 5 | Heredity | Equilibrium and Acid Reactions | Advanced Mechanics |

Module 6 | Genetic Change | Acid/Base Reactions | Electromagnetism |

Module 7 | Infectious Disease | Organic Chemistry | The Nature of Light |

Module 8 | Non-infectious Disease and Disorders | Applying Chemical Ideas | From the Universe to the Atom |

Year 12 students at Matrix gain extensive knowledge and understanding of the key concepts in the science subjects through structured 9-lesson courses.

Students can choose to undertake:

- The 9-day Holiday Accelerated Course for advanced completion during school holidays, or
- The 9-week Term Course for timely completion during the school term.

The Matrix Year 12 Science Course Programs areÂ tabulated below:

Table: Matrix Year 12 Science Program | |||

Period | Year 12 Biology | Year 12 Chemistry | Year 12 Physics |

Sep- Dec | Heredity | Equilibrium and Acid Reactions | Advanced Mechanics |

Jan – Apr | Genetic Change | Acid/Base Reactions | Electromagnetism |

Apr – Jun | Infectious Disease | Organic Chemistry | The Nature of Light |

Jul – Sep | Non-infectious Disease and Disorders | Applying Chemical Ideas | From the Universe to the Atom |

Every year, a large number of Year 12 students ask the question “How did they get such a high ATAR?” When we analysed hundreds of academically successful students that have graduated from Matrix, they appear to have a few things in common.

Let’s see what they are.

They have an explicit understanding of what’s required to attain a Band 6 performance. This meansÂ students have a clear understanding of the syllabus and the band 6 performance band descriptor.

You can view the syllabus here:

- Stage 6 English Standard & Advanced Syllabus
- Stage 6 Mathematics Advanced, Extension 1 and Extension 2 Syllabus
- Stage 6 Biology Syllabus
- Stage 6 Chemistry Syllabus
- Stage 6 Physics Syllabus

Band 6 and Band E4 Performance Descriptors are outlined below. Band 6 indicates the highest level of performance (90 -100 marks) for a 2-unit course and Band E4 (45 – 50 marks or 90 – 100 marks) indicates the highest performance band an Extension 1 and 2 courses such as English Extension 1 and 2, or Mathematics Extension 1 and 2.

For the full list of band descriptors, visit the NESA website.

**English Advanced (16%)**

In the 2021 HSC, 16% of the Year 12 English Advanced students attained Band 6.

- Demonstrates extensive, detailed knowledge, insightful understanding and sophisticated evaluation of the ways meanings are shaped and changed by context, medium of production and the influences that produce different responses to texts.
- Displays a highly developed ability to describe and analyse a broad range of language forms, features and structures of texts and explain the ways these shape meaning and influence responses in a variety of texts and contexts.
- Presents a critical, refined personal response showing highly developed skills in interpretation, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of texts and textual detail.
- Composes imaginatively, interpretively and critically with sustained precision, flair, originality and sophistication for a variety of audiences, purposes and contexts in order to explore and communicate ideas, information and values.

**English Standard (1%)**

In the 2021 HSC, 1% of the Year 12 English Standard students attained Band 6.

- Demonstrates extensive, detailed knowledge, insightful understanding and sophisticated evaluation of the ways meanings are shaped and changed by context, medium of production and the influences that produce different responses to texts.
- Displays a highly developed ability to describe and analyse a broad range of language forms, features and structures of texts and explain the ways these shape meaning and influence responses in a variety of texts and contexts.
- Presents a critical, refined personal response showing highly developed skills in interpretation, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of texts and textual detail.
- Composes imaginatively, interpretively and critically with sustained precision, flair, originality and sophistication for a variety of audiences, purposes and contexts in order to explore and communicate ideas, information and values.

**Mathematics Advanced (23%)**

In the 2021 HSC, 23% of the Year 12 Mathematics Advanced students attained Band 6.

- Exhibits extensive knowledge and skills appropriate to the Mathematics course.
- Uses sophisticated multi-step reasoning.
- Integrates ideas of calculus with strong algebraic, deductive and modelling skills to successfully solve difficult problems.
- Exhibits excellent problem-solving skills.
- Communicates effectively using appropriate mathematical language, notation, diagrams and graphs.

**Mathematics Extension 1 (37%)**

In the 2021 HSC, 37% of the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 students attained Band E4.

- Exhibits extensive knowledge and skills appropriate to the Mathematics and Mathematics Extension 1 courses.
- Synthesises mathematical techniques, results and ideas creatively across the Mathematics and Mathematics Extension 1 courses to solve difficult problems.
- Uses sophisticated multi-step mathematical reasoning. Interprets, explains, justifies and evaluates solutions to problems.
- Translates efficiently between practical problems and their mathematical model.
- Communicates complex ideas and arguments effectively using appropriate mathematical language, notation, diagrams and graphs.

**Mathematics Extension 2 (43%)**

In the 2021 HSC, 43% of the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 2 students attained Band E4.

- Exhibits mastery of most aspects of the Mathematics, Mathematics Extension 1 and Mathematics Extension 2 courses.
- Synthesises mathematical techniques, results, and ideas creatively across the Mathematics, Mathematics Extension 1 and Mathematics Extension 2 courses to solve problems.
- Combines excellent algebraic and modelling skills, multi-step logic and mathematical insight to solve difficult problems.
- Constructs proofs in an abstract setting.
- Communicates sophisticated mathematical ideas and relationships using the algebraic, diagrammatic and graphical techniques of mathematics, concise notation and clear logical argument.

**Biology Band 6 Performance Descriptor**

In the 2021 HSC, 7% of the Year 12 Biology students attained Band 6.

- Demonstrates an extensive knowledge and understanding of biological concepts, including those based on contexts and prescribed focus areas.
- Communicates succinctly, logically and sequentially using a variety of scientific formats, including diagrams, graphs, tables, flowcharts and equations relating to biology.
- Analyses and evaluates data effectively, identifies biological relationships, quantifies explanations and descriptions, and synthesises information to draw conclusions.
- Uses precise biological terms extensively and correctly in a wide range of contexts.
- Designs valid experimental processes involving appropriate technologies and incorporates thorough knowledge of scientific methodology to solve problems.
- Applies knowledge and understanding to unfamiliar situations and designs original solutions to biological problems.

**Chemistry Band 6 Performance Descriptor**

In the 2021 HSC, 11% of the Year 12 Chemistry students attained Band 6.

- Demonstrates an extensive knowledge and understanding of the concepts of the chemistry course content including context, prescribed focus areas and domain.
- Displays an outstanding ability to describe and explain chemistry concepts, including abstract ideas, clearly and accurately, and to apply the concepts to unfamiliar situations.
- Applies a high level of critical thinking skills in developing appropriate solutions to problems involving a long sequence of related tasks.
- Analyses, evaluates and extrapolates chemical data effectively, identifies complex relationships, quantifies explanations and descriptions, and synthesises information to draw conclusions.
- Communicates succinctly, logically and sequentially using a variety of scientific formats.
- Demonstrates a high level ability to design an experimental procedure.

**Physics Band 6 Performance Descriptor**

In the 2021 HSC, 12% of the Year 12 Physics students attained Band 6.

- Demonstrates an extensive knowledge and understanding of the concepts of the physics course content including context, prescribed focus areas and domain.
- Displays an outstanding ability to describe and explain physics concepts, including abstract ideas, clearly and accurately, and to apply the concepts to unfamiliar situations.
- Applies a high level of critical thinking skills in developing appropriate solutions to problems involving a long sequence of related tasks.
- Analyses, evaluates and extrapolates data effectively, identifies complex relationships, quantifies explanations and descriptions, and synthesises information to draw conclusions.
- Communicates succinctly, logically and sequentially using a variety of scientific formats.
- Demonstrates a high-level ability to design an experimental procedure.

They always start with the end in mind. Year 12 students should have an ATAR goal and a university course that they are working towards.

The student shown in the picture below set an ATAR goal of 99 at the beginning of Year 12. She displayed her ATAR goal on her desk as a daily reminder and to help her maintain motivated.

At the end of Year 12, she attained an ATAR of 98.95! Although she didn’t achieve her exact ATAR, she says “Without a clear goal in mind, I probably wouldn’t have been as determined. I think I would have gotten a lower ATAR”.

Read the blog post on ‘How to set goals to enter your university course of choice.’

They always get things done on time. Every time. By consistently completing their tasks by the due date, these students gain an advantage over their peers. We find that whilst discipline is a hurdle for many students, Matrix students make it a priority in order to achieve their best results.

If you lack motivation and determination, watch Sally Kim share her story of success.

Successful students are very self-conscious about how they spend their time. They don’t like wasting time and they dislike others who waste their time. Here are four things that they practise to manage their time effectively.

**Step 1: They create a Daily To-Do-List using a journal.**

Image: Sample Student To-Do List

**Step 2: They prioritiseÂ the tasks based on importance and urgency.**

Image: How to prioritise

**Step 3: They get ahead of school during the school holidays.**

All the past successful students have used their school holidays for advanced completion of content through Matrix Holiday Accelerated Course.Â This creates blocks of time that students can use for sharpening their skills through exam paper practice.

For example, a student studying Year 12 Chemistry and Year 12 Maths Extension 1 courses would have dedicated 6 hours of study each day for 9 days. This equates to 54 hours of additional study whilst others are doing very little. It also means that the student has saved 54 hours of study during the term.

**Step 4: They establish a weekly rhythm to get ahead with exam preparation.**

NESA mandates that schools must provide students with assessment schedules and notifications in advance.

**Assessment schedules** are documents that outline when you should have an assessment for a given subject. They will include important information such as:

- the type of task
- the modules being assessed
- the outcomes the task assesses
- the date (or week in the term) that it will be due or the exam sat
- the weighting of the assessments as a percentage of the student’s overall marks.

**Assessment notifications** are documents that provide important information about how to prepare for the assessment. For each task, students will be presented with an assessment notification. A sample Year 12 Physics assessment task notification is shown below.

These must be given to students at least two weeks prior to the assessment. TheyÂ must contain:

- An explanation of the type of task
- An overview of the module being assessed
- A list of the outcomes being assessed
- The amount the assessment will be marked out of
- The weighting of the task
- A marking criteria

To do well in their assessments, students should pay careful attention to their assessment notifications. In particular, students should make an effort to understandÂ the marking criteria, which will clarify what the markers will be expecting from them.

Sample marking criteria and assessment notifications and schedules can be found on the NESA website. Click the link below to download.

We hope this guide and the links provided are a useful resource in preparing you for what’s to come in Year 12, and in achieving your academic ambitions.

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