In Part 3 of this Year 12 English Study Guide, we explain what the Year 12 Module B: Critical Study of Literature NESA rubric requires of you. We discuss textual integrity, critical perspectives, and reception so that you have the tools to ace your HSC.
The Year 12 Module B: Critical Study of Literature is considered the most difficult module in the HSC Advanced English course, and with good reason. It is a complex Module requiring a deep understanding of your text and the ideas it represents! In this post, we’ll break down the Module B: Critical Study of Literature syllabus so you can approach your critical study in a systematic fashion and ace it!
HSC English Module B: Critical Study of Literature requires you to closely read or watch your text. There are no surprises here. This is essential, and to be confident in this, you should aim to re-read your set text at least two to three times throughout the HSC year.
You need to explore:
In short, for Module B you’re a literary critic judging if your set text’s reputation is deserved.
You need to ask, does it live up to the hype? Is it still relevant to us today?
In your Module B responses, you will need to show a deep, sophisticated understanding of the complexities of your prescribed text – substantially more than what is required in other Modules. To perform well in your assessments and exams, you must know your text in detail and be able to discuss it with confidence and insight.
Engaging with a text can mean a few different things. Let’s take a look:
This is a challenging process. Some of the texts set for study are difficult and produced in a complex manner.
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Advanced English is about exploring literature concerned with representing the complexities of human experience in profound ways. By its nature, then, Advanced English is all about complex, confronting, and challenging ideas. Often these texts contain abstract concepts or contain obscure ideas, or contain substantial ambiguity.
Adding to this, it’s quite possible that you will not enjoy your Module B text. Engaging with it may be heavy going. You may not understand your text fully on the first, or even the second reading! This is because the composers are often challenging the social or artistic values of their contexts.
Literature that is considered to be “classic” or “important” is often challenging and confronting in both style, structure, and content. But these struggles are normal and are part of the analytical process for Module B.
You will find that while these texts are challenging and confusing and perhaps even unpalatable, studying them will be rewarding.
You need to be prepared to invest a significant amount of time into the study of your Module B text. Once you’ve engaged with the text a couple of times, you will need to discuss your text with your friends, teachers, and others. You will need to research what others think of the text to understand your own perspective, too.
This process will help you develop and clarify your ideas. It may sound like a substantial undertaking – and to be honest, it is! However, engaging in this process will mean that when you do explore the text again, you will find new insights and be able to see clearly how your understanding of the text has developed!
Your hard work will pay off when you discuss these insights in your Band 6 responses.
To get you ready for the rigours of Module B, we need to take a close look at the Module B rubric.
Being familiar with the Module rubrics is very important. These documents explain how you should study the texts and makes clear what is expected of you as a student of English Advanced.
Okay, let’s see what the Module B rubric states.
In this module, students develop detailed analytical and critical knowledge, understanding and appreciation of a substantial literary text. Through increasingly informed and personal responses to the text in its entirety, students understand the distinctive qualities of the text, notions of textual integrity and significance.
Students study one prescribed text. Central to this study is the close analysis of the text’s construction, content and language to develop students’ own rich interpretation of the text, basing their judgements on detailed evidence drawn from their research and reading. In doing so, they evaluate notions of context with regard to the text’s composition and reception; investigate and evaluate the perspectives of others; and explore the ideas in the text, further strengthening their informed personal perspective.
Students have opportunities to appreciate and express views about the aesthetic and imaginative aspects of the text by composing creative and critical texts of their own. Through reading, viewing or listening they critically analyse, evaluate and comment on the text’s specific language features and form. They express complex ideas precisely and cohesively using appropriate register, structure and modality. They draft, appraise and refine their own texts, applying the conventions of syntax, spelling and grammar appropriately.
Opportunities for students to engage deeply with the text as a responder and composer further develops personal and intellectual connections with the text, enabling them to express their considered perspective of its value and meaning.
You may have struggled to understand what this Rubric is asking of you. That’s okay, as most students struggle to get to grips with these documents.
Matrix+ expert teachers and detailed resources will teach you how to write with clarity and insight. Learn more.
To do well in Module B, you must understand the Rubric. To help you do this, we’ve broken the Rubric down into 8 Rubric Statements and explained them in plain English.
Let’s take a look at what NESA wants you to do.
“In this module, students develop detailed analytical and critical knowledge, understanding and appreciation of a substantial literary text.”
Essentially, this Module requires you to closely study one text or a series of texts that are part of a collection by one composer. The texts set for study in Module B are considered to be “substantial literary texts.’ That is to say, they are considered by NESA to have important literary significance because of their reputation, ideas, and construction.
You need to develop a thorough understanding of your text. It will take multiple readings, but you need to develop and demonstrate a detailed knowledge of your text and the ideas it conveys.
“Through increasingly informed and personal responses to the text in its entirety, students understand the distinctive qualities of the text, notions of textual integrity and significance.”
You are not merely studying parts of your text. You must engage with your text as a whole. This means applying your critical thinking skills to see how different aspects of the text fit together to make a cohesive and complete whole.
As you embark on this process, you’ll notice what it is about the text’s construction that makes it distinctive.
Things you must consider include:
Unpacking a text’s construction allows you to understand how a composer has attempted to convey their complex ideas to others successfully (or perhaps you will feel that they have not and argue accordingly!).
Part of your job as a literary critic for Module B is exploring whether a text displays ‘textual integrity’.
‘Textual integrity’ is a term that scares many students, it is central to Module B, and not as bad as it sounds.
There are a couple different of ways of considering textual integrity. Let’s have a quick look at what they are:
You will find that highly regarded literary texts contain some, if not all of these features.
Textual integrity is something that you will be able to most easily judge once you are familiar with your text and have engaged with the ideas it explores over the course of your HSC year. You are not expected to have a perspective on the textual integrity of your text straight away – your understanding of this will eventually build over time.
For an in-depth explanation, you must read our Essential Guide to Textual Integrity.
The significance of a text
The other thing that you need to decide is whether the text is a significant text.
A significant text is one that holds importance for audiences in a particular context, either as an example of aesthetics or because it contains powerful ideas.
The significance of a text is not necessarily static, it can change over time. Texts fall into and out of critical favour throughout time.
Composer’s such as Emily Bronte and John Donne have fallen out of and then back into critical favour.
Just because you are told a text is significant, does not mean that it actually is significant within your context. You need to be the judge of that.
You need to use your critical thinking skills and understanding of the text and context to assess whether your text is still relevant and significant. You will then need to argue this position throughout your responses as a literary critic would.
If you would like to learn more about significance, read our post on Module B: Critical Reception, Context, and Significance.
“Central to this study is the close analysis of the text’s construction, content and language to develop students’ own rich interpretation of the text, basing their judgements on detailed evidence drawn from their research and reading. In doing so, they evaluate notions of context with regard to the text’s composition and reception; investigate and evaluate the perspectives of others; and explore the ideas in the text, further strengthening their informed personal perspective.”
Through your multiple readings, you need to develop your own interpretation of the text. The idea is that you first develop your own understanding of the text and its concerns and then you can explore the different perspectives that others have.
Your own interpretation
It is important that you first come to your own interpretation so that your initial judgement of the text is not swayed by others. This will allow you to see how your interpretation and understanding of the text develops over time. This reflective practice – reflecting on your own learning and understanding -is an important component of the Module.
Context refers to the circumstances surrounding the production of a text – for example, the social, cultural, historical, geographical, and economic conditions. Context has a significant effect on the production of texts and the reception.
The ideas and values of a period will influence what a composer produces as they either support or challenge the attitudes and values of that time. Similarly, context will shape an audience’s critical reception of a text.
To evaluate notions of context, you need to do a few things:
Central to HSC Advanced English Module B is your consideration of how these different interpretations are influenced by context and then considering how your own interpretation is influenced by your context.
Once you have your own interpretation of the text, you are then in a position to compare your ideas with others: your teacher, your peers, and other literary critics. This process will allow you to reflect on your own understanding of the text and the way that you arrived at it.
The perspectives of others
Your study of Module B is not limited to your own take on your text. You need to see what others think.
What have other scholars said about your text? Has it had a positive or negative reception? Why? You must aim to find reputable sources – ask your teachers for pointers in the right direction – and consider the ideas that others have had about your text.
Test out the ideas of scholars by returning to your text and considering:
Make sure that you add quotations from other scholars to your study notes.
It demonstrates critical thinking and research to cite a scholar in your Module B essay whose perspective you find persuasive or even disagree with!
Remember, seeking out the perspectives of others will allow you to develop the depth of your own perspective. Researching a text in this manner may change your own interpretation of the text or may vindicate your perspective.
Changing your perspective is not a bad thing as it allows you to understand how an informed personal interpretation of a text develops. But by the same token, you don’t need to reformulate your reading of the text if you feel that others’ perspectives aren’t accurate or adequately supported.
Academics and literary critics disagree all the time, that is a crucial part of the critical process!
If you would like to learn more about significance, read our post on Module B: Critical Reception, Context, and Significance.
“They express complex ideas precisely and cohesively using appropriate register, structure and modality. Students have opportunities to appreciate and express views about the aesthetic and imaginative aspects of the text by composing creative and critical texts of their own.”
This rubric point refers to how you will respond in your assessments. The nature of the new Year 12 syllabus is that there is now less of a focus on traditional persuasive essays. Instead, you may have to respond in a variety of different ways.
You may be asked to produce a multimodal presentation. If you are studying Module B concurrently with Module C, you may be asked to write an imaginative recreation of the text. It is possible that you have an assessment task with multiple parts.
For example, you may be asked to write an imaginative recreation of the text and then produce a multimodal presentation that discusses your choices. In addition, you might be asked to write a reflection that evaluates your presentation against some of your peers’ presentations.
Each of these different tasks would require you to demonstrate different registers, structures, and modalities in your writing and speaking (if you want more information about this, read our post on the new Module C: The Craft of Writing).
“Through reading, viewing or listening they critically analyse, evaluate and comment on the text’s specific language features and form.”
This syllabus point refers to the process of critical analysis. If you need help with this, you should read Part 2 of our Beginner’s Guide to Acing HSC English: How to Analyse Your Texts.
“They draft, appraise and refine their own texts, applying the conventions of syntax, spelling and grammar appropriately.”
In you responding, be it a piece of fiction or non-fiction writing, you will need to engage in the drafting process. You must produce various iterations of your essays and creatives to ensure that you produce a refined piece of work that is free from errors.
“Opportunities for students to engage deeply with the text as a responder and composer further develops personal and intellectual connections with the text, enabling them to express their considered perspective of its value and meaning.”
This final point discusses the aim of Module B: Critical Study of Literature. NESA wants you to engage deeply with a text so you can evaluate it and discuss your perspective on it and whether you feel it holds value for contemporary audiences within our context.
|Table: 2019-2023 English Advanced Module B Text Prescriptions|
|Shakespearean Drama||William Shakespeare, King Henry IV, Part 1|
|Drama||Henrik Isben, A Doll’s House|
|Dylan Thomas, Under Milk Wood|
|Poetry||The Poetry of TS Eliot|
|The Poetry of David Malouf|
|Prose Fiction||Kazuo Ishiguro, An Artist of the Floating World|
|Jane Austen, Emma|
|Charles Dickens, Great Expectations|
|Prose Nonfiction||Vladimir Nabokov, Speak Memory|
|Edmund de Waal, The Hare With The Amber Eyes|
|Film||George Clooney, Good Night, and Good Luck|
|Nonfiction Film||Gillian Armstrong, Unfolding Florence|
A systematic approach to Module B is the key to performing well.
Make it a priority to read the text – everything else depends upon this step.
Now you have got an understanding of the Module, you should expand your knowledge further.
The best way to improve your Mod B marks is by writing practice essays.
To help you out, we’ve put together a challenging list of 31 Module B Essays questions.
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