As soon as you mention public speaking, you can already hear the chorus of groaning students. Students hate learning how to write speeches and presentations in Year 10 because they’re afraid of presenting and making a fool out of themselves.
But they shouldn’t be. You need to realise that public speaking is just like any other skill!
With more practice, you will become more confident and get better at it!
The secret to acing your speeches and presentations in Year 10 is proper preparation and practice. So, let’s see what that involves.
Okay, so what’s the difference between a presentation and a speech?
Well, a presentation is basically a speech with VISUAL AIDS. You may find that you need to draw, create a powerpoint, or make a poster.
So, when you are asked to do a presentation, you are being assessed on these 3 things:
Content of your speech
Relevance/strength of visual representation
This might seem a little daunting, but don’t fear! We broke down the process into manageable steps that will help you learn how to write speeches and presentations in Year 10 and ace your presentations!
The ultimate step-by-step process to preparing a speech or multimodal presentation is:
But, let’s quickly summarise some of the main points to refresh your memory:
Introductions should be engaging! Start off with a rhetorical question, anecdote, “imagine situation” or something along those lines.
Use persuasive and rhetorical language like humour, high modality words, logos, anecdotes and sarcasm.
Write short and simple sentences. Don’t use long and complex sentences, like essays.
End your speech with a bang! No one wants to hear a “Thank you for listening to my speech”. Instead, end your speech with something strong and memorable.
5. Make links between your visual representation and speech
Too often, students forget to make links between their visual representation and speeches. This will make their speech and visual representation seem like two separate assessment tasks.
But they’re not!
Your visual representation is meant to enhance the content of your speech.
It is supposed to give more information to the audience – in a metaphorical way – to help engage them, and challenge them to think deeply about the content of your speech.
So, when you are writing your speech, you have to consciously refer to your visual representations.
For example, let’s say that you made a poster about a boy painting the globe to represent how an individual has the ability to view things in a new perspective and change their life.
You can make implicit references to your visual representation by saying things like “You have the chance to repaint your own world and make a change.”
You can be more explicit, and say “As you can see here (point to your poster), change is all about perspective. The boy painting over the globe represents how his perspective of his world has changed…”
As you can see, there are many different ways to make references to your visual representations. You can do it implicitly or explicitly. Just remember to do it!
6. Incorporate devices and techniques
Speeches are not engaging if you don’t use persuasive devices and rhetorical techniques!
This is what makes speeches different from essays!
Here are some common rhetorical devices and techniques that you can use:
Repetition of the first letter/sound of a word
Annie ate an apple
Repetition of a word/phrase at the beginning of a sentence
We need to do open our eyes. We need to take action.
Last Christmas, at my family reunion…
Selectively chosen words that evoke an emotional response
The desert was deadly hot.
Showing authority and credibility for arguments raised
I worked at Google for 3 years…
High modality words
Words indicating high certainty
Must, have, certainly, need…
They asked me to give them a break. I gave them a KitKat.
Using logic to support arguments eg. facts and statistics
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics…
Comparing two subjects by saying on IS the other
The dog’s teeth were knife sharp.
Words that replace nouns
We, I, us, them…
Play on words; words with similar sounds but have different meanings
You cooked some EGGscellent eggs.
Repeating words or phrases
Go. Go. Go!
Saying one thing but meaning the opposite
Can you walk any slower?
Remember, you can always go back and insert more techniques when you are editing your speeches.
7. Get feedback
Remember, getting feedback is an integral step to writing speeches and presentations.
When you ask for feedback you are able to:
Identify your common mistakes
See confusing areas that need to be cleared up
Know what people think about your speech. If it’s good, then keep it up! If they don’t like it, then you need to fix it.
So, how do we seek feedback?
Ask people who can give you constructive feedback! These are your teachers, Matrix tutors, friends and parents. Do not ask your 5-year-old sibling. They cannot give you constructive feedback.
Ask a variety of people. Different people have different opinions. When you ask many people, you can see common trends.
Edit your work!
Remember, it is ultimately your choice to decide whether or not you want to take on the feedback. Sometimes, it doesn’t align with your goals, so it is okay to not take it aboard.
Remember, your speaking and presentation skills are also being assessed!
It is important that you practice and rehearse because it will help you:
Identify difficult pronunciations.
Fit the time limit
and most importantly, GET COMFORTABLE.
So, here are some tips that will help you rehearse and practice!
Read your speech out loud. When you read it out loud, you can identify difficult pronunciations and see if it fits the time limit. Remember, when you read in your head, it is always faster than actually speaking it.
Read your speech to other people. You can ask for feedback about your performance,
After you’ve memorised and rehearsed your presentation, it is time to perform!
However, you might find that you still have some nerves and anxiety before your performance,
Don’t fear. Read the next section to see how you can manage your nerves and anxieties before your presentation.