Year 11 Biology Exam Questions Part 2: Patterns in Nature

Test your knowledge of Year 11 Biology: Patterns in Nature with these questions.

Year 11 Biology Exam Questions: Patterns in Nature

Assess your depth of knowledge and understanding for the Year 11 Biology module ‘Patterns in Nature’. Work through these Patterns in Nature exam questions below.

You can refer to the Glossary of Key Words for the meaning of any verbs in the questions.

Detailed answers are provided at the bottom of this blog post


Question 1

What are the three tenets of cell theory developed by Schleiden and Schwann?

Question 2

In which cell organelle does protein synthesis occur?

Question 3

List 3 things that plant cells have that are absent from animal cells.

Question 4

What is the purpose of stains in microscope work?

Question 5

What colour does iodine turn in the presence of starch?

Question 6

Which elements make up amino acids?

Question 7

What is biuret reagent used for?

Question 8

Are diffusion and osmosis examples of active or passive transport?

Question 9

Compare the difference between diffusion and osmosis?

Question 10

Why is surface area to volume ratio important for cells?

Question 11

What is the function of the lymphatic system (lymph nodes, thymus and spleen)?

Question 12

Which organ system transports nutrients around the body?

Question 13

What will happen to a plant cell in a hypertonic solution?


Question 14

What is the purpose of stomata in plants?

Question 15

Give an example of a sink cell in a plant.

Question 16

What is the benefit of a four chambered heart?

Question 17

Compare the teeth of herbivores and carnivores.

Question 18

What is the advantage of the counter-current exchange mechanism in fish gills?

Question 19

What happens during anaphase of mitosis?

Question 20

When is a membrane described as ‘semi-permeable’?



  1. (i) All organisms are made up of one or more cells.
    (ii) Cells are the fundamental unit of life.
    (iii) All cells come from pre-existing cells.
  2. Ribosome.
  3. (i) Rigid cell wall
    (ii) Chloroplasts
    (iii) Large vacuole
  4. Different stains highlight different parts of the cell.
  5. Dark purple.
  6. C, H, O, N
  7. To test for the presence of proteins.
  8. Passive.
  9. Diffusion is the movement of particles from high concentration to low concentration. Osmosis is the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane from a region of low solute concentration to high solute concentration.
  10. A low surface area to volume ratio will slow the rate of diffusion of substances into and out of the cell. This will affect the exchange of gases, waste and nutrients.
  11. To protect the body against infections by pathogens.
  12. The circulatory system.
  13. It will be plasmolyzed.
  14. They allow gas exchange.  Stomata can close to reduce the amount of water loss by transpiration.
  15. Root cell.
  16. Herbivores have prominent incisors, no canine teeth and large molars for breaking down vegetation. Carnivores have sharp pointed incisors and prominent canine teeth for gripping and tearing. Their molars are strong and sharp for crushing bones.
  17. Oxygenated and deoxygenated blood is kept separate.
  18. It maintains a concentration gradient and enables the efficient transfer of oxygen from water into the blood.
  19. The sister chromatids separate and move towards the opposite poles of the cell.
  20. When certain substances are able to pass through the membrane, but others are not.



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Written by DJ Kim

DJ is the founder of Matrix Education and has over 20 years of HSC Physics teaching experience. He is the co-author of the Matrix Science program, course materials and assessments. He is also renowned for his ATAR & Scaling seminars and development of the first ATAR Calculator.


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