Year 7 High School Survival Guide

Posted on August 2, 2017 by Patrick Condliffe

Table of Contents

1. An Overview of Year 7
2. Year 6 vs Year 7 – The differences
3. What is Stage 4?
4. NAPLAN in Year 7
5. Subjects studied in Year 7 at school
6. What to expect for Year 7 English
7. What to expect for Year 7 Maths
8. How to achieve a smooth transition into Year 7

 

Many parents are unsure of what to expect for their child after primary school. It is a significant change that faces students and can be challenging for parents as much as their children.

In this guide, we outline the common issues facing Year 7 students as they begin high school; explain the expectations for English and maths; and provide some advice that has helped our past students.

 

An Overview of Year 7

Year 7 is a big step in a child’s journey to adulthood. Year 7 is the first year of high school. Students who have been the oldest in their school will once more be the youngest as they transition into high school. Year 7 students have new challenges ahead, and exciting opportunities.

 

 Year 6 vs Year 7

Many parents are unsure of differences between Year 6 and Year 7. Here’s a table to help you understand the differences.

Year 6
Year 7 and Year 8
Teachers
1 or 2 for teachers for the whole year 1 for each subject (interacting with up to 5 different teachers per day)
Subjects
English

Mathematics

Geography

History

Creative Arts

Personal Development, health and Physical Education (PDHPE)

Languages

English

Mathematics

Science

Creative Arts

Human Society and its Environments

Languages

PDHPE

Technology and Applied Studies

Homework
2-3 hours a week 1 hour per day
Classrooms
1 or 2 for the whole year Different classrooms for different subjects
Equipment (eg: stationery and text books)
Stays in the classroom Needs to be carried with the student
Table: Comparison of Year 6 and Year 7

 

In Year 7, students will:

  • Have several different specialist teachers.
  • They will take different subjects in different classrooms.
  • They will need to follow a subject timetable to know what subject they had and which classroom it will be in.
  • Study compulsory subjects such as English.
  • Study elective subjects like languages or drama.
  • Need to carry their various tools with them as they move from classroom to classroom around the High-School campus.

“In Year 7, students will need to grasp new skills and engage in new study practices such as self-directed learning and research.”

As you can see, students need to deal with significant changes. These new responsibilities will require a new level of organisation, preparation, and dedication from your child.

What is Stage 4?

The NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) divides the learning outcomes for students 6 Stages for Kindergarten to Year 12.

  • Each Stage is comprised of two grades, i.e Stage 4 is comprised of both Years 7 and 8.
  • Each Stage has a specific list of Outcomes. These are the levels of attainment that students should achieve for that Stage.
  • The syllabus is structured so that students consistently accrue and develop skills between Kindergarten and Year 12.
  • We will look at some specific Stage 4 outcomes as we discuss the English and Mathematics syllabuses. More information about Stage 4 can be found on the NESA website.

 

NAPLAN in High School and Year 7

Parents of students from Australian Primary Schools may already be familiar with NAPLAN (National Assessment Program – Literacy and Numeracy). NAPLAN is a series of assessments throughout the school grades designed to track children’s literacy and numeracy skills. Here’s what you need to know about NAPLAN:

    • NAPLAN is tested in Years 3, 5, 7, and 9.
    • Students sit standardised exams for English and Maths to assess their literacy and numeracy.
    • NAPLAN assesses students to ensure that they meet the minimum standards for each Stage through school.
    • NAPLAN is sorted in to 10 Bands. Students in Year 9 will need to score a Band 8 or above in all areas to prequalify for the HSC.
    • During Year 7, students will have a NAPLAN assessment in May.
    • The NESA website has comprehensive information on NAPLAN.
    • The Website for the National Assessment Program has detailed information on NAPLAN. They also have practice papers for parents and students.
    • Previouos NAPLAN results can be found here on the NAPLAN site

 

For English, students must answer:

  • Spelling questions
  • Grammatical questions
  • Comprehension
  • Write a persuasive text
  • Compose a creative text.

For Mathematics, students must answer questions on:

  • Adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing
  • Geometry
  • Graphs
  • Tables
  • Decimals
  • Fractions.

Matrix courses cover the skills that are assessed in NAPLAN, and will give your child confidence going into these compulsory exams.

 

Subjects studied in Year 7

Year 7 students learn the following compulsory subjects:

  • English
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • History
  • Geography

Your child’s school and teachers will also select elective subjects for them to study. These elective subjects will be drawn from these broad subject areas:

  • Creative Arts
  • Human Society and Its Environment
  • Languages
  • Personal Development, Health, and Physical Education (PDHPE)
  • Technological and Applied Studies

 

Students will need to follow a timetable to know which subject they have at what time on any given day. Sometimes they may even have the same subject in different classrooms on different days. For example:

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
Period 1 Italian

Ms Coppi Rm:C23

PDHPE

Mr Tucky Rm:Gym

History

Mrs Kaiser Rm:H5

Italian

Ms Coppi Rm:C23

English

Dr Grunfelt Rm:C23

Period 2 English

Dr Grunfelt Rm:H4

Maths

Mr Fermat Rm:A2

Geography

Mrs Capricorn Rm:H5

Science

Dr White Rm:S54

Maths

Mr Fermat Rm:A1

Period 3 Science

Dr White Rm:S54

Italian

Ms Coppi Rm:C23

Music

Mr Gliss Rm:Music Room

English

Dr Grunfelt Rm:H4

Maths

Mr Fermat Rm:A1

Period 4 Science

Dr White Rm:S54

History

Mrs Kaiser Rm:H5

Art

Mr Nalon Rm:Art Studio

English

Dr Grunfelt Rm:H4

Art

Mr Nalon Rm:Art studio

Period 5 Maths

Mr Fermat Rm:A2

Geography

Mrs Capricorn Rm:H5

Design and Technology

Ms Fard Rm:Workshop

Sport

Mr Tucky

Pastoral Care

Rm: Homeroom

Table: Sample Year 7 Timetable

 

Year 7 English

In Year 7 English, students will be presented with more complex texts than they have encountered. They will need to understand techniques like metaphors and innuendo and spot them in texts. Students will need to start forming their own opinions about the characters, settings, and events in these texts.

NESA has provided a set of specific outcomes for Stage 4 English. Matrix Theory Books are designed to help students achieve the complete list of Stage 4 Outcomes:

  1. Responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  2. Effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies
  3. Uses and describes language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts
  4. Makes effective language choices to creatively shape meaning with accuracy, clarity and coherence
  5. Thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively and critically about information, ideas and arguments to respond to and compose texts
  6. Identifies and explains connections between and among texts
  7. Demonstrates understanding of how texts can express aspects of their broadening world and their relationships within it
  8. Identifies, considers and appreciates cultural expression in texts
  9. Uses, reflects on and assesses their individual and collaborative skills for learning

 

These outcomes translate into the following skills that students need to develop during school. Let’s have a look at how the subjects differ between Year 6 and Year 7:

Year 6 English
Year 7 English
Grammar

Developing understanding of grammar

Good understanding of grammar and syntax
Composition
Ability to compose complete sentences Ability to compose complete sentences and structured paragraphs
Reading
Reading competence Excellent reading skills
Argumentation

Ability to produce arguments about texts

Ability to produce written arguments about texts
Creative Writing
Ability to compose simple imaginative texts. Confidence composing imaginative texts
Analysis
Awareness of techniques Developing ability to analyse techniques in texts
Table: Comparison of Year 6 and Year 7 English Skills

 

“Students will need to produce in depth written responses that use paragraph structures to convey complex ideas.”

It is important for students to read continually throughout Year 7. This means reading texts that are not studied at school this will continue to hone students skills for reading, comprehension, and analysis. At Matrix, students study a variety of text types to specifically address the the Stage 4 outcomes.

The table below outlines the Year 7 and 8 English program at Matrix.

Year 7
Year 8
Oct – Dec
Introduction to Reading Texts  Journalism and Poetry
Feb – Apr
Introduction to Analysing Texts Texts Through Time
Apr – Jun
Introduction to Persuasive texts Representation and Perspective
Jul – Sep
Introduction to Shakespeare Shakespeare – Romeo and Juliet
Table: Matrix Year 7 English Program

 

In Year 7, students will need to read and watch texts and then comment on them at length. They must do things such as discuss whether they enjoyed the text, and also provide an explanation of why they did or did not. They will need to discuss the texts themes and begin to explore how composers present techniques

Most importantly students will need to support their arguments with evidence. They will also need to write in a wide variety of forms – essays, letters, reviews, and creative forms. This is an important step up for students as they learn to communicate their ideas to their teachers, peers, and family.

For example, for NAPLAN students will need to be answer grammatical questions like this,

Image: Sample question from Year 7 NAPLAN assessment

 

Year 7 Maths

Year 7 students engage with Maths in far more complex ways than they have in primary school. The Maths topics that students learn in Stage 4 (year 7 & 8) are outlined below:

  • Computation with Integers
  • Fractions, Decimals and Percentages
  • Financial Mathematics
  • Ratios and Rates
  • Algebraic Techniques
  • Indices
  • Equations
  • Linear Relationships
  • Length
  • Area
  • Volume
  • Time
  • Right-Angled Triangles
  • Properties of Geometrical Figures
  • Angle Relationships
  • Data Collection and Representation
  • Single Variable Data Analysis
  • Probability

More detailed information about Stage 4 Mathematics can be found on the NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) website. At Matrix, students address all of the topics set by NESA in their Year 7 Mathematics Theory Books. Each lesson is designed to ensure students meet the Stage 4 outcomes.

 

Year 6
Year 7
Integers
Proficiency with recognising integers Computation with integers
Adding and Subtracting
Addition and subtraction Mastery of addition and subtraction
Multiplication and Division
Multiplication and division Confidence with complex multiplication and division
Geometry
Basic understanding of geometry Developing understanding of geometry
Fractions
Developing understanding of fractions Advanced fractions
Decimals
Confidence with decimals. Advanced decimals
Linear Relationships
Introduction to linear relationships
 Algebra
Developing skills in algebra
Table: Mathematics Skills

 

In Year 7, students have to acquire new skills learn to solve new sorts of problems. Year 7 students learn things that are foundations for later skills, such as linear relationships.

The table below outlines the Year 7 & 8 Mathematics program at Matrix.

Year 7
Year 8
Oct – Dec
Directed Numbers
Fractions
Decimals & Percentages
Probability
Indices
Algebraic Techniques
Feb – Apr
Algebraic Techniques
Financial mathematics
Ratio
Time
Equations
Rates
Length
Area
Apr – Jun
Algebraic Equations
Angle Relationships
Properties of Geometrical Figures
Length & Area
Single variable Data Analysis
Properties of geometrical figures
Volume and Capacity
Jul – Sep
Linear relationships
Data Collection & Representation
Pythagoras’ Theorem
Linear Relationships
Similarity
Financial Mathematics
Table: Matrix Year 7 Mathematics Program

 

A Year 7 student needs to be confident answering questions like this,

Image: Sample Mathematics Problem

 

How to achieve a smooth transition into Year 7

Your child’s psychological health during this period is important. The challenges presented by new peers and teachers, as well as course work that has an increased level of difficulty, can place an onerous burden on students. It is important for students to find a balance between studying and actually being a child and teenager.

 

“Helping your child develop good study habits during years 7 and 8 is essential to giving them the best opportunities for their future.”

Helping your child with their study, and communicating with them about what they need to do for school is crucial. Helping your child understand what assignments are asking of them and discussing study planning with them will help them stay on top of the increased workload of high school. You don’t want to pressure your child unduly, you need to support them.

 

How you can help your child:

 

1. Develop a daily and weekly routine

You will help your child immensely if you can establish a regular routine. This will help them plan their days and remember what they need to do each day.
This can be done by:

  • Waking up or leaving the house at the same time
  • Aiming to have dinner around the same time
  • Having a consistent bedtime will enable your child to plan their evenings

 

2. Help them get organised!

  • Parents should help students plan out their days according to a daily timetable that considers:
    – When they need to get up
    – How much they need to study
    – When they should study what subjects.
  • Parents should help their children plan a weekly timetable. This should be organised to align with their school timetable.
  • A weekly timetable should include their extra-curricular activities and plan out study time over the weekends.
  • Keep a calendar handy and visible so your child knows what’s coming up! They need to know about the Thursday in March when they have dinner with Nan as much as the Maths test they have in April. This will help them plan!
  • It is important for students to establish study routines early in High School so they have productive study habits as they advance through the grades.

 

3. Help them set goals

Goal setting is an important skill for children to learn. Goal setting will enable them to aim for a specific achievement and plan towards attaining it. It might be making a specific sports team, or it could be raising their marks in a subject by a specific amount. It is important that children should have a wide range of goals that are not limited to academic achievements.

You can help your child set goals by:

  • Asking them what they wish to achieve in Year 7. Get them to consider a wide range of things – school, sports, extra-curricular activities, personal goals
  • Help them plan out a practicable timeline. For example, trying to raise their marks from 5/10 in a maths test to 8/10 could be a goal for a term.
  • Make sure they have benchmarks to meet between the start and finish dates. This way you can both keep track of their progress. it is important that you encourage them in this!
  • Celebrate with them when they achieve their goals! You don’t need to reward everything, but you should acknowledge their achievements and show them you are proud of what they have accomplished.

 

4. Show an interest in their homework

It is important that you know what your child is studying, and be aware of when they need help or are struggling. It is easy to forget how difficult learning can be. You want to help your child with problems before they fall behind their peers. Showing an interest in their homework forces children to try and explain their knowledge to you. While students in High School need to be self-directed and independent, they still need assistance solving complex problems. Some ways to do this are:

 

  • Asking them what they are doing for various subjects
  • If they are stuck on a problem get them to explain it to you. Sometimes discussing the issue will give them the solution.
  • Instead of solving the problems for them, work through them with your child. It is important for Year 7 students to complete tasks to deadlines unassisted.
  • Do research with your child. If your child has a research task, show an interest in it. Sit down with them while they research and discuss ideas with them. This will help them develop confidence.

 

5. Be there to listen

Children need to be able to have frank discussions with their parents. it is important that your child can come to you and ask for help if they are struggling with things. Often children are scared that their parents will be upset that they struggle with a subject. Rather than asking parents for help, they try and hide their issue. This can quickly snowball into a big problem!

 

6. Build a relationship with the school

Schools are there to help your child. Getting to know you children’s teachers and year coordinator will help you keep track of their progress. Schools often have programs to help struggling students and high-achieving students. Being involved in the school community can be time-consuming, but it also gives your child and you  a support network

 

7. Get to know their friends

A child’s friends are an important peer group that will help them deal with stress and also learning. But high school is a big change. Children are often upset when they lose some friends from primary school. They will make new friends in High School, but you can help them establish relationships with new people by getting to know them, too. Don’t be pushy, but do show an interest.

 

We hope this blog and the links provided are a useful resource in preparing you for what’s to come in Year 7, and in achieving your academic ambitions.

Want more helpful resources?

© Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au, 2017. Unauthorised use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this site’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Matrix Education and www.matrix.edu.au with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.


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